Woodlands Historic Park
Key to Bird Species List

Just take me to the Species List


Columns in the table

Source of Data



Click on the column headers to sort the table on that column. One click will sort in ascending order, a second click in descending order, as indicated by the blue triangles. By default the table is sorted by Family, then within each Family by scientific name. To re-establish this order click on the Scientific Name column then the Family column.

A Horizontal scroll bar will appear if the browser window is too narrow to show all columns, however the scroll bar will be at the bottom of the table so you will not see it unless you scroll down. If is is not possible to increase the width of the window, for example by rotating your device, you can click on the buttons above the table to hide particular columns. (Click again to unhide.) Alternatively you can use the zoom out function of your browser.

If you resize your browser window you may need to reload the page, since I have not yet figured out how to get the table to automatically resize in all cases.

Columns in the table:

This an English name corresponding to the scientific classification of family. The names are as recommended in "BirdLife Australia (2017). The BirdLife Australia Working List of Australian Birds; Version 2.1" Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org.au/documents/BWL-BirdLife_Australia_Working_List_v2.1.xlsx, although I have shortened some of them. For the scientific names of the families see the complete list.
* = alien species
Conservation Status - Subcolumns Australia and Victoria.
For Australia, taken from the Birdlife Australia Working List. For Victoria, taken from Advisory List of Threatened Vertebrate Fauna in Victoria: Victorian Government Department of Sustainability and Environment Melbourne, March 2013.
X extinct
CE Critically Endangered
E Endangered
V Vulnerable
R rare
I insufficiently known
PV Near Threatened (Potentially Vulnerable in Birdlife Australia Working List).
C restricted colonial breeding species
(L) listed or recommended for listing on Schedule 2 of the Victorian Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988.
(V) listed as vulnerable under the Commonwealth Endangered Species Protection Act 1992
+ Increased since 1840s
Year when the species was first recorded in the park
Year when the species was last recorded in the park
Number of times the species has been recorded in the park. This should be used with great caution since there are an unknown number of duplicated records in the Atlas of Living Australia from which the records have been sourced.
Reporting rate. This is from a species list downloaded from Birdlife Australia and does not apply to records from other sources. If I understand it correctly it is the proportion of surveys in which this species was seen, and is therefore a more accurate predictor of how likely you are to see or hear this species.
Letters indicating what part of it's life this species spends in the park. Data for this column is incomplete.
W Winter visitor
S Summer visitor
R Resident all year round.
N Has been observed to nest in the park at least once (data from Richard Arnold). An N by itself indicates that the species is present all year round, while NS, for example, indicates that the species nests in the park in summer but spends winters elsewhere.
Feeds On
Letter groups indicating what the species eats and where it feeds. Data for this column is incomplete.
IG invertebrates on the ground or in woody debris
IS invertebrates on shrubs
IC invertebrates in tree canopy
IT invertebrates on trunks or branches of trees
IA invertebrates in the air
I invertebrates (all levels)
IW invertebrates in water, or small fish
SG seeds/fruits on the ground
S seeds/fruits (all levels)
N nectar/invertebrate/plant exudates (any level)
V vertebrates or large invertebrates, including fish
C carrion
L leaves
Habitat Requirements of the species. The list of birds using hollows is from table 2.4 of Gibbons & Lindenmayer (2002).
W Water body
h tree hollow for nesting (small)
H tree hollow for nesting (large)

Source of Data

This list is based on records extracted from the Atlas of Living Australia on 17th July 2019, for a polygon enclosing the park, the former Greenvale Sanatorium Land, and Greenvale Reserve. The three main data sources for the records are Ebird Austalia, the Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, and Birdlife Australia's Birdata. There appears to be an unknown amount of duplication due to observations being uploaded to more than one of these databases. I have tried to remove some duplication for species with less than 10 records, by merging records with the same date and the same observer, although this is not always clear.

A total of 41000 records were downloaded. After removing records not indentified to species level and the duplicates mentioned, there were 40872 records. I have added 3 species found by directly querying Birdata. I also searched the Birdline forum at http://www.eremaea.com/ and added a later record of the Masked Woodswallow. All names in the list have been changed to those in the BirdLife Australia Working List of Australian Birds referenced above.

Some records downloaded have the subspecies identified, while most only list the species name. Unless there are records for more than one subspecies I have merged the former with the latter and included only the species name in the table. If there are more than one subspecies recorded the list contains separate lines for the species and each of the subspecies. This is because the number of records of each may give some indication of which subspecies is most common. Some of the threatened species listings apply only to a particular subspecies, and are shown in the table only if that subspecies is the only one found in this region.


20 Oct 2019 (Thanks to Andrew Allan and Charles Silveira for comments.)

Deleted Black-faced Cormorant as this is a marine species.

Deleted Red-capped Parrot which is a Western Australian species.

Deleted Yellow-rumped Spotted Pardalote as it is very unlikely to occur in this region.