Woodlands Historic Park
Key and Acknowledgements to Flora Species List

Just take me to the Species List


Columns in the table:

Abbreviations as part of the botanical name

Source of Data


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Columns in the table

C Class
This is actually a mixture of Phyla and classes of the Kingdom of Plants, see Classification of Organisms

M Monocots
Flowering plants with one seed leaf, with strap-like leaves which grow from the base.
G Gymnosperms (Conifers)
F Ferns
D Dicots
Flowering plants with two seed leaves. Generally broad-leafed plants which grow at the tips.
B Bryophytes
Non vascular plants, ie mosses and liverworts.
O Origin

(blank) Naturally Occurring in the park.
# An Australian species not naturally occurring in the park.
* Not naturally occurring in Australia.

CS Conservation Status - for native species only
Data from Advisory list of rare or threatened plants in Victoria

e Endangered in Victoria
r Rare in Victoria
v vulnerable in Victoria
k Poorly known and suspected, but not definitely known, to belong to one of the categories e, v or r within Victoria. At present accurate field distribution information is inadequate.
L Listed under the Victorian Flora and Flora Guarantee Act
E, V Endangered or Vulnerable in Australia
C Critically Endangered in Australia
LS Local Status

1,2... Number of plants known to exist in the park.
U Uncommon in the park - one patch or less than 10 plants in total known, excluding planted specimens.
N Has been recorded from the park but not found in recent searches (excluding specimens known to have been planted). May exist in the seed bank.
X Species not recorded from the park but believed likely to have occurred there according to the Restoration Plan.
PX Species known or believed to have occurred in the park but where the only existing plants have been propagated from elsewhere.
P A small number of species have been planted in the park which occur in the region but which may not have occurred in the park. There will be a #? in the Origin column indicating that the species may or may not be outside of its natural range.
? Status in park unknown - a species which has been recorded in the park, generally more than 20 years ago. The current population is unknown and due to continual degradation of the park some of these species may have been lost.

AeaAquatic, emergent annual
AepAquatic, emergent perennial
AsaAquatic, submergent annual
AfuAquatic, floating unattached
GGeophyte (dies back to underground organ in summer)
Gc cormous
Gd tuberoid
Gr rhizomatous
Gt tuberous
HaHerbaceous annual
HbHerbaceous biennial
HpHerbaceous perennial (tufted, rhizomatous or single-stemmed)
SShrub, small to medium
SlShrub, large
VhVine, herbaceous
VwVine, woody
Xasucculent annual
Xpsucculent perennial

Abbreviations as part of the botanical name

aff. affinity to. The specimen is similar to the species named but the recorder considers it to be an undescribed species or subspecies.
f. form
sp. species (not identified)
s.l. sensu lato = in the broad sense. This can mean that an observed plant has not been identified to subspecies, or that there is one or more similar species which were originally included under this name and the observation may pre-date the description of the other species. For example Glycine tabacina s.l. could also be Glycine microphylla which was only described 23 years ago. Glycine tabacina according to the more recent definition is listed as endangered in Victoria. If no herbarium specimen was taken then such uncertainty can only be resolved by finding and identifying new plants.
s.s. sensu stricto = in the narrow sense, "where it is assumed the recorder is aware of all currently described species and is confident of the correct identity of their record" (David Cameron, DSE). This abbreviation has been carried over from the restoration plan list (1995).

Source of Data

This list was originally compiled from Appendix 2 (dated Sept. 1995) and Appendix 3 (dated Aug. 1995) of the Restoration Plan. Appendix 2 presumably incorporated records from the State Governments Flora Information System (now Victorian Biodiversity Atlas), but includes many other species presumably observed by the staff of Ecology Australia.

It is not clear whether the lists in the Restoration Plan cover the Melbourne Airport land, since the document includes this in the description of management overlays but not in the reconstructed vegetation map. The airport land is no longer considered part of the park but I have included it in the species list, since there may have been some species recorded from the airport land but not the current park. The airport land is basalt soil and there is only a small amount of this soil type in the park. The current list also covers the former Greenvale Sanatorium land and Weeroona Cemetery conservation zone, which were not covered by the restoration plan.

The list has been supplemented from the following sources:

Species names and family names have been updated in November 2019 to agree with the names in Flora of Victoria.